Please find below Deltares' view on banalcing the economy and ecology - Source: Deltares
In recent years, there has been a rise in interest in ‘green ports’ as a way of achieving sustainable economic growth. During design and construction, economic growth, climate change and the ecosystem are taken into account. The port is designed in close consultation with local stakeholders so that it becomes an attractive place to live and work. The impact of human intervention on the natural system is worked out beforehand and established using simulations, resulting in a clear picture of the effects on the ecosystem. The port infrastructure can manage rapid growth in container transport and ever larger ships. Coastal defences are built to withstand climate change, with nature-based engineering such as sandy foreshores and mangroves playing a prominent role. Features like this can also be used for recreation, aquaculture, fishing and nature development. There is a better balance between economy and ecology.